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Rehabilitation in Ankle Injury Recovery

Ankle injuries are among the most common musculoskeletal injuries, affecting people of all ages and physical activity levels. Whether it is a sprain, strain, or fracture, ankle injuries can be painful, limiting mobility and hindering daily life activities. However, recent research has shed light on the importance of proper rehabilitation in ankle injury recovery. In this blog, we will explore the latest findings to highlight why it is vital to rehabilitate an ankle injury using the most up to date scientific research.

1. Restoring Range of Motion and Flexibility:

One crucial aspect of ankle injury rehabilitation is restoring the joint's range of motion and flexibility. A that study evaluated the effects of exercise interventions on range of motion found that structured rehabilitation programs significantly improved ankle flexibility, leading to better outcomes and reduced re-injury rates. [1] By implementing exercises specifically targeting ankle mobility, such as ankle mobilisation and gentle stretching, patients can regain the normal range of motion, reducing stiffness and improving overall ankle function.

2. Strengthening and Proprioception Training:

Muscular weakness and impaired proprioception following ankle injuries contribute to instability and increased risk of re-injury. Studies have emphasized the importance of ankle strengthening exercises and proprioceptive training in rehabilitation protocols.[2] Such exercises help strengthen affected muscles, improve balance, and enhance joint stability by challenging the body's neuromuscular control. Incorporating exercises like calf raises, balance drills, and wobble board exercises assists in developing stronger ankle muscles and proprioceptive awareness, reducing the risk of future injuries.

3. Psychological Impact and Return to Activity:

Ankle injuries can have a considerable psychological impact, leading to anxiety, fear of re-injury, and decreased self-confidence. Several research studies underscore the importance of addressing psychological aspects for successful ankle injury rehabilitation. One study highlighted the role of early psychological intervention in reducing fear and promoting positive psychological responses to enhance patient outcomes. [3]Addressing mental and emotional aspects through counselling, goal setting, and positive reinforcement during rehabilitation can have a profound impact on patients, encouraging them to regain confidence, improve motivation, and actively participate in their recovery process.


With advances in research, it is evident that proper rehabilitation plays a pivotal role in recovering from ankle injuries effectively. By focusing on restoring range of motion, strengthening muscles, enhancing proprioception, and addressing psychological aspects, individuals can optimize their healing process and reduce the risk of future injuries. Remember, always consult a healthcare professional or physiotherapist for personalized treatment plans tailored to your specific injury. By incorporating the latest research and evidence-backed techniques, ankle rehabilitation can provide a more satisfactory and successful recovery.

[1] Shih, et al. “The effect of additional joint mobilisation on neuromuscular performance in individuals with functional ankle instability” Physical Therapy in Sport (2017)

[2] Noronha et al. “Intrinsic predictive factors for ankle sprain in active university studies” Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports (2013)

[3] Rees et al. “Patient experience of long-term recovery after open fracture of lower limb: a qualitative study using interviews in a community setting” BMJ Open (2019)

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